Here’s a look at some interesting events that took place on this day in history:

1793: After more than two centuries as a royal palace, the Louvre is opened as a public museum in Paris by the French revolutionary government (more info)

1895: While experimenting with electricity, German scientist Wilhelm Röntgen discovers the X-ray (more info)

1923: In Munich, Adolf Hitler leads the Nazis in the Beer Hall Putsch, an unsuccessful attempt to overthrow Germany's government (more info)

1960: John F. Kennedy becomes the youngest man ever to be elected president of the United States, narrowly defeating Republican Vice President Richard Nixon (more info)

1966: Former Massachusetts Attorney General Edward Brooke becomes the first African-American elected to the U.S. Senate since Reconstruction (more info)