Here’s a look at some interesting events that took place on this day in history:

1936: Italian dictator Benito Mussolini proclaims the Rome-Berlin Axis, establishing the alliance of the Axis Powers (more info)

1948: In the greatest upset in presidential election history, Democratic incumbent Harry S. Truman defeats his Republican challenger, New York Governor Thomas E. Dewey (more info)

1959: 'Twenty One' game show contestant Charles Van Doren admits to a Congressional committee that he had been given questions and answers in advance (more info)

1976: Jimmy Carter is elected, becoming the first US president from the deep South since the Civil War (more info)

1983: President Ronald Reagan signs a bill creating Martin Luther King, Jr. Day (more info)